Impacts of energy-efficiency investments on internal conditions in low-income households
April 2017 | Wouter Pourtinga, Shiyu Jang, Charlotte Grey & Chris Tweed, Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University
Improving the energy efficiency of the housing stock may bring multiple positive health gains through improved indoor temperatures and reduced fuel consumption. This study used a multilevel interrupted time-series approach to evaluate a policy-led energy-performance investment programme. Long-term monitoring data were collected for intervention and control households at baseline (n = 99) and follow-up (n = 88), creating a dataset with 15,771 data points for a series of daily-averaged hydro-thermal outcome variables. The study found that the intervention raised indoor air temperature by on average 0.84 K as compared with control households, thereby bringing the majority of indoor temperature measurements within the ‘healthy’ comfort zone of 18–24°C, while average daily gas usage dropped by 37%. The study concludes that the multilevel interrupted time-series approach offers a useful model for evaluating housing improvement programmes.